Welcome to Psychology!

You use psychology at work, at home, and while you’re driving – and you may not even know it!

Psychology is part of your daily routine – and the more insight you have the smoother your life will be.

Here, you’ll find information about psychological disorders such as schizophrenia, depression, seasonal affective disorder, phobias, & anxiety disorders.

You can improve your love life & intimate relationships by learning about the stages of love, addictive relationships, & emotional cheating.

And don’t forget your body image & relationship to food – here’s info about weight loss, eating disorders, emotional eating, & more.

Definition Of Psychology

Psychology,is the science of psychic reality of how an individual feels, sees, thinks and acts. For a good understanding of the human psyche, psychology studies mental regulation of animal behavior and the function of such artificial systems, such as computers.

Definition of the psychology subject has always depended on how representatives its schools understand it. But today many psychological concepts quite well, though eclectic, get along with each other.

Psychology is now defined not so much in accordance with the theoretical expectations of a school or a system, but in terms of industry-specific research, such as experimental psychology, social psychology, clinical psychology (or psychopathology), psychology of learning, perception, motivation, emotions, personality, comparative psychology, applied psychology, developmental psychology. Within each of these branches are opposite points of view and positions, but together they form a wide variety of theories and methodological systems, allowing to use different approaches for the study of human psychology.

Read more about What is Psychology

Introduction in the history of psychology

Until the 19th century psychology was not an independent scientific discipline, it was hard to separate from the purely abstract philosophical reasoning. What we now call psychology, in fact it was part of the philosophy. Some concepts and problems that are important applications in psychology – the relative importance of innate and acquired, the variability and stability of the human person, the relationship of the mind and emotions, the nature of motivation, freedom and determinism in human behavior, the existential meaning and value of personal self, the relationship of mind and body , the nature of consciousness and perception, the importance of dreams – previously discussed by many philosophers, beginning with the ancient Greeks, especially Plato and Aristotle, and later in the works of thinkers such as Augustine, Aquinas, Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, Locke, Berkeley, Hume, and Kant. However, only in the 19th century general arguments and manipulation of abstract concepts replaced hypotheses verified in experiments and taken only on the basis of factual evidence.

Prerequisites for conversion discipline of psychology in English empirical philosophers provided school -Locke, Hume, Berkeley, to attach particular importance to individual sense operception. According to their views, sensory perception (“impressions”) gives rise to the “idea”, “association,” which are the basis of “reasoning.” It follows that the sensory experience – it is the first significant step in the development of consciousness. Based on these assumptions, the new experimental psychology has focused attention on the question of how to form a human representation of the external world. Required to determine the conditions under which sensory stimulation leads to the appearance of “ideas”, and what are the mechanisms of association of ideas, providing learning and memorization.